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[00606027]工业化异戊烯醇生产工艺

交易价格: 15 亿元

所属行业: 建筑材料

类型: 发明专利

技术成熟度: 可以量产

专利所属地:中国

专利号:ZL2021101033407

交易方式: 许可转让

联系人: 王经理

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所在地:天津 天津市

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技术详细介绍

工业气相合成异戊烯醇简述

异戊烯醇,3甲基-3丁基-1醇,CAS No.763-32-6 是一种萜醇主要用于加工聚羧酸水泥减水剂的基本原料。

异戊烯醇是依普林斯反应将醛类及烯类高压,气相加成合成生成。显著不同于市场其他异戊烯醇生产工艺。

气相合成工艺与国际市场其他溶液,溶剂及催化剂工艺比较

1.溶液法工艺:

早在1970年,飞利浦公司使用甲醛溶液和甲醇生产异戊烯醇。甲醇和甲醛摩尔比为10:1;反应温度:275-300℃;压力138Kg/cm².异戊烯醇收率80%。该工艺缺点:产品中杂质多,副产品多;高温;高压。

2.使用有机溶剂苯合成异戊烯醇工艺:

异丁烯和甲醛摩尔比大于11:1;温度200℃;批次反应反应时间6小时。异戊烯醇收率:85%。该工艺缺点:产品纯度低,反应收率低。

3. BASF工艺:

50%水溶多聚甲醛,氮气加压至250Kg/cm²;温度:250℃,异丁烯和甲醛摩尔比为10:1;批次操作反应时间:1小时。异戊烯醇收率达96%。该工艺缺点:生成大量污水;高温高压。工业化和投资均不可行。

4. 催化剂选择合成工艺:

非均质催化剂:

催化剂采用金属羰基化合物,甲醛或聚甲醛溶在有机溶剂中;温度:200;反应周期1小时。该工艺缺点:在使用WO3金属氧化物为催化剂,甲醛转化率70%。问题是该种催化剂对异戊烯醇选择性较低

均质催化剂:

结合到离子交换树脂的金属氯化物SnclZncl. 反应条件温和,温度<100,常压,但收率低。尽管在水溶液状态下可提高催化剂活性,异戊烯醇的选择性低。

SnclZncl 结合到离子交换树脂上。可以获得四烷基铵,锌,硅和沸石复合物例如,催化剂ZSM-5 FeMCM-22. 异戊烯醇合成的选择性低,选择性低,收率低。

催化反应另一个问题是异戊烯醇由催化剂中及由未反应物中分离困难。工艺收率低,反应选择性低。催化剂昂贵。

气相合成工艺特色

1.因气相合成工艺无溶剂,无水溶液,无催化剂,不存在异戊烯醇由溶剂或由催化剂中分离操作,获得无污染、高纯度的异戊烯醇。因无催化剂,避免异戊烯醇由催化剂中分离;不使用昂贵催化剂大大降低工艺成本。

2.原料在市场上普遍,易得。

工艺原料及化学品:

1 多聚甲醛

2 异丁烯

3 苛性钠

3.生产操作简。工艺中仅两个控制参数:温度,压力;连续化工艺,连续回收未反应物,优化了反应物消耗。

4.异戊烯醇的转换率高

对多聚甲醛收率为97%,对异丁烯收率为90%

5.无污染物排放

工艺中无催化剂,无溶剂,无三废污染物排放是绿色环保工艺

6.占地小(装置总占地:1万平方米)

7. .装置简单,设备少(装置中反应器,泵,塔,换热器,储罐总计124台)。

8.投资少

由于原料在市场上易得,连续化工艺简单,设备台数少及环保无三废排放装置总投资少

9.异戊烯醇产品标准:

纯度:>98%

水分: <0.1%

使用该技术的装置运行多年实践证明装置安全可靠没有任何工艺,设备事故。产品质量稳定始终达到国际标准。

异戊烯醇技术及工业化装置获得国家发明专利 CN 112430178 A .具有自主知识产权。

联系方式:

Ph. 0086-0432-67995588

Tel: 15948624144

Info: andeshengtec@163.com

Description for Industrially Synthetic Isoprenol Process

in Gas-phase

I soprenol, 3-methyl-3-buten-1-ol, CAS No. 763-32-6, is a kind of Terpene alcohol, mainly using primary material to process polycarboxylic acid cement water-reducing additive. Isoprenol is synthesized by aldehydes and olefins under high pressure in gas phase, called as Prins Reaction. It is quite different with other process in Market.

Comparative between gas-phase process and solvent, solution and catalytic process in the international market

1. Synthesize isoprenol in solution process

In the end of 1970 Phillips Petroleum Company synthesized isoprenol by using formaldehyde in aqueous solution and solution with methanol. Methanol in a molar relationship 10 times bigger to FA, to 275-300°C and 1,38*107Pa with a ISP yield of 80%. Disadvantages were for the product purity and for the pressure and operating temperature conditions of the process also high, as well as many by-products.

2.Synthesize isoprenol by using organic solvents like benzeneThe use of organic solvents, like for example the benzene, allows to realize the process, with ISB in a molar relationship as regards the FA of 11:1, at 200°C for 6 hours with a yield in ISP of 85%. The use of organic solvents brings some disadvantages for the product purity and the reaction yield low.

3. Synthesize isoprenol by BASF

The aqueous PFA used at 50% and the use of nitrogen to pressurize till a total pressure of 2,5*107Pa. The reaction takes place at 250°C with a molar relationship ISB:FA of 10:1 and with 1 hour of residence time.

The yield in ISP is 96%, the major part of the sewage to be treated around 10 times more than the current process as well as the high pressure and temperature in the process.

The difficult operating conditions (high temperature and pressure), don’t allow to the process to get importance from an industrial and financial point of view.

4. The process for selective synthesis of catalyst:

Catalyst in Heterogeneous

Metallic carbonyls and oxides were selected to use of FA or PFA solutions in organic solvents at a temperature of 200°C for one hour. With these catalytic systems it obtained low yields of ISP (till 70% of FA conversion, with catalyst based on WO3). The problem in this system was the scarce selectivity to ISP synthesis reaction.

Catalyst in homogeneous

The use of Catalyst in homogeneous like the metallic chlorides (for example SnCl4 and ZnCl2) bound to a resin with ionic exchange with soft conditions (temperatures <100°C and room pressure) brings to low yields, especially in presence of water. In anhydrous conditions, these catalytic systems have a higher activity but a low ISP selectivity.

The use of SnCl4ZnCl2 bound to a resin with ionic exchange has been experimented and it contains Tetraalkylammonium, complexes of tin, silica and zeolite like ZSM-5 and FeMCM-22. Also in this case the scarce selectivity of the catalysts for the ISP synthesis, brings to a scarce process yield.

The above mentioned catalytic processes show some inconveniences bound to the separation of the ISP from the other reaction mixture components. In particular the reaction mixtureincluding catalyst is hardly separable. It was together with the scarce processes yield due to the low reaction selectivity, making the processes expensive and not so exploitable.

Characteristics for synthesis process in gas-phase

1.As are no solvent, catalysts and water in gas-phase process it does not need to separate isoprenol from solvent, catalyst or water so that it can obtain isoprenol with high purity and no pollution.

As no catalyst existed in process separation between isoprenol and catalyst does not need. The cost of process is tremendously reduced because there is no catalyst application.

2. The raw materials are easy to find and to procure in the market

Raw materials and chemicals in process

1Paraformaldehyde

2Isobutene

3Caustic soda

3. Production process is very simple. In process there are only two parameters such as temperature and pressure to be controlled, continuous process, continuous recovery for un- reacted materials, optimizing the consumption of reaction materials.

4.Selectivity high for isoprenol

97% yield to Paraformaldehyde and 90% to Isobutene

5. No pollution discharged from plant

There is no catalyst, no solvent, no solid wastes discharged from process, protecting environment.

6.Small land occupation (plant area: ten thousand square meters)

7.The plant composed is also simple with less equipment installed (reactors, pumps, towers, heat exchangers and tanks…total 124 sets)

8. Investment less

As the raw materials are easy to procure in the market and continuous process is simple and number of equipment installed is less and no pollution discharged from plant so total investment in plant is also extremely reduced.

9.Specification of isoprenol product

Purity: >98%

Water: <0.1%

Operation practice strong demonstrated that the plant is safety, reliable, without any accidents occurred in process and equipment. The quality of product always is stable, reaching the international standard

The technology of isoprenol and its industrial plant also obtained an invention patent in State CN 112430178 A, having independent intellectual property rights.

Ph. 0086-0432-67995588

Tel: 15948624144

Info: andeshengtec@163.com


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